"Swallowtail Butterflies" Palamedes Swallowtail - Paw Talk - Pet Forums
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post #1 of 1 (permalink) Old 10-04-2002, 07:01 PM Thread Starter
 
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"Swallowtail Butterflies" Palamedes Swallowtail

Palamedes Swallowtail
Papilio palamedes



Description 3 1/8-5 1/2" (79-140 mm). Very large with rounded wings. Blackish-brown above, rimmed by yellow spots and crossed midwing by yellow band which is broken on FW but is entire on HW, where it ends in bright blue spot. Below, FW has 2 rows of yellow border-spots; HW has orange spots enclosing row of blue and gold to olive clouds and long, straight yellow bar parallel to abdomen down inner third of HW below.

Similar Species Other yellow and black swallowtails are smaller, have more pointed fore wings. Schaus' and Giant swallowtails are browner, have larger wings, and more extensive yellow beneath.

Life Cycle Yellowish-green egg. Grass-green caterpillar, to 2" (51 mm), has double set of rimmed, orange, false eyespots with black pupils. Possibly overwinters as a caterpillar as well as a chrysalis, unusual for group. Chrysalis, to 1 5/8" (41 mm), slightly mottled, greenish. Red bay (Persea borbonia), sassafras (Sassafras albidum), and sweet bay (Magnolia virginiana) are host plants.

Flight April-August in mid-range; February-December in up to 3 broods in Florida.

Habitat Subtropical wetlands, coastal swamps, and humid woods with standing water.

Range Resident from S. Maryland to S. Florida, throughout Southwest, around Gulf to S. Texas and N. Mexico. North in Mississippi Valley to Missouri.

Discussion This butterfly is the signature swallowtail of the great swamps - the Everglades, the Great Dismal, Okefenokee, Okeechobee, and Big Cypress. In common with many swamp skippers, the adults love to take nectar from pickerelweed, and they are reported to roost communally in oaks and palmettos.

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