you use it just like you would a food reward. when you are first training them, you give them a treat right away so that they know what they got the treat for. then you slowly increase the amount of time between telling them to "sit" (for example) and giving them the treat. i think
you can do this with a clicker. i've seen people with really good dogs tell them, "sit", the dog sits, they immediately click and the dog stays like that until released.
for penny, after i get her to hold her position longer while using food treats and after i combine the food treat with a click, i will switch to just a click. when i do this, do i immediately click when she does the trick (i won't be giving a food reward at this point)? do i wait a long time between the command and the click? see, to penny, once she gets the food, she thinks the trick is over. how can i teach her that it's not? i know i need to teach a release command, but how do i do that? she will just take her treat and run off.
does this all make sense? basically, whether i give her a food treat or a click (eventually) i think she will think that's the end of it. but i want it to mean "that's right!!". how do i tell her she did the right thing without her thinking i mean that we are done? cause right now, that's what the food treat means.