I clicked on Royall's, "Active Dog". Ingredients and critique by me:
Poultry by-product meal(natural source of glucosamine and omega-6 fatty acids) - by products are bad, bad, bad! Poultry byproduct basically means the factory took random parts from birds of the "poultry group", could be brains, feed, feathers...heads...threw them all into a vat, and boiled it up. Ew. Here's an explanation of why Poultry byproducts are bad, from the Dog Food Project, who sources their information from the AAFCO:
The parts used can be obtained from any slaughtered fowl, so there is no control over the quality and consistency of individual batches. Poultry byproducts are much less expensive and less digestible than chicken meat.The ingredients of each batch can vary drastically in ingredients (heads, feet, bones, organs etc.) as well as quality, thus the nutritional value is also not consistent. Don't forget that byproducts consist of any parts of the animal OTHER than meat. If there is any use for any part of the animal that brings more profit than selling it as "byproduct", rest assured it will appear in such a product rather than in the "byproduct" dumpster."
whole wheat - Wheat is a major food allergen for dogs
poultry fat (naturally preserved with mixed tocopherols) - once again, it says "poultry", so you don't know the type of "poultry" that's used...
brewers rice - no nutritional value, just a filler. You're looking for BROWN rice.
corn gluten meal - I believe gluten gets manufactured into sugar in an animal's body. So...yeah, big no-no.
From the Dog Food Project: "
An inexpensive by-product of human food processing which contains some protein but serves mainly to bind food together. It is not a harmful ingredient but should not rank high in the ingredient list of a quality product."
beet pulp - No one seems to know whether beet pulp is good or not in pet food, so I stay away from it.
natural chicken flavoring
flaxseed (natural source of omega-3 fatty acids) - Flaxseed is too harsh a fiber for cats to digest, but I don't know about dogs.
spray-dried egg - Ew, sprayed with WHAT??! Probably chemicals.
aspergillus meal (natural source of glucosamine) - Here's a snippet from Wikipedia(I know, bad source, but it works, and it'll probably disgust you immediately):
is a fungus
and one of the most common species of the genus Aspergillus
. It causes a disease called black mold on certain fruits and vegetables such as grapes, onions, and peanuts, and is a common contaminant of food."
bentonite - Again, snipped from Wikipedia:
is an absorbent aluminium phyllosilicate
, generally impure clay
consisting mostly of montmorillonite
. There are a few types of bentonites and their names depend on the dominant elements, such as K, Na, Ca, and Al. As noted in several places in the geologic literature, there are some nomenclatorial problems with the classification of bentonite clays. Bentonite usually forms from weathering of volcanic ash
, most often in the presence of water."
menhaden fishmeal (natural source of glucosamine) - NEVER trust the word's "fish meal". When a pet food says fish meal, this generally mean it's from a combination of different fish sources. When fish isn't fit for human consumption, it is preserved in ethoxyquin, a cancer-causing preservative, and then shipped out to the pet food industry to use. You're looking for a NAMED fish source, for example, Herring or Salmon.
calcium propionate (a preservative) - This is a snippet from naturalnews.com/report_pet_food_ingredients_8.html
"calcium propionate (a preservative)
(1 stars) found in 3% of pet food products analyzed
Chemical. Potentially carcinogenic, antifungal."
Here's another source that pretty much says the same thing:
"Calcium propionate is already widely used in the dairy industry to treat ketosis, a condition that causes the cows to burn a large amount of fat in response to milk production after calving. Calcium propionate is also used in breads as a preservative, since it slows mold growth.
"We now know that calcium propionate enhances energy metabolism," said Mark Petersen, a range animal nutritionist with NMSU's animal science department. "It will make cows more efficient when grazing dormant winter forage."
The new supplement should allow affected cows, primarily 2- and 3-year-olds, to start the reproductive cycle sooner, get pregnant on time and avoid having to leave the herd because they can't conceive, he said."
dried brewers yeast
salt - Salt REALLY doesn't need to be added to pet food..
yucca schidigera extract
vitamins (vitamin E supplement, vitamin A supplement, vitamin D3 supplement, vitamin B12 supplement, niacin supplement, riboflavin supplement, calcium pantothenate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, biotin, thiamine, menadione sodium bisulfite complex, folic acid), minerals (zinc amino acid complex, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate, iron amino acid complex, copper sulfate, manganese amino acid complex, manganese sulfate, ethylenediamine dihyroiodide, sodium selenite)
It lists Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex in its vitamins, which is a synthetic Vitamin K, and possibly carcinogenic.
Overall? Loyall is a bad food.